About Daniel Malet Calvo

I have a PhD in Urban Anthropology (2011) from University of Barcelona where I also have graduated with a BA in Social and Cultural Anthropology (2005), and a BA in History (2011). My thesis work puts forward a historical and ethnographic research focused on the most emblematic space in Lisbon’s downtown: Praça do Rossio.

I have been trained through many investigation projects, research grants and ethnographic works on Lisbon and Barcelona during my thesis, mainly focused on anthropology of urban space, city policies, collective action and olisipography. I’m also did research on Santiago island (Cape Verde archipelago), where I acquired experience on mobility conceptions, risk practices and urban renewal projects.

Currently, as a post-doctoral researcher in the CIES-IUL (Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa) I’m investigating ERASMUS students as a short-term migration actors involved on heritagization processes, space production and transnational dynamics.

Besides this, I’m an active member of the Grup de Recerca sobre Exclusió i Control Socials (GRECS) in the Anthropology Department of the Universitat de Barcelona, and of the Institut Català d’Antropologia (ICA)

IV International Seminar City, Retail and Consumption


During this week (12th – 16th September) an important international seminari is currently in progress: the IV edition of the International Seminar “City, Retail and Consumption”, titled “Retail, Consumption and the New Forms of Urban Governance”.

In the IGOT (Instituto de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território) more than 90 works will be presented in four discussion axes: retail urban landscapes, the rationales of new businesses, consumption-led urban regeneration and consumption lifestyles.

Our LXNIGHTS member Jorge Sequera is doing a presentation of his work in the Lavapiés market (Madrid): “Mercado Habitado: el mercado de Lavapiés (Madrid) en disputa”. The presentation will take place in the framework of Discussion Axe III: Retail- and consumption-led urban regeneration and the new forms of city governance: projects, actors and processes. Specifically in session 6: Public Markets and consumption, that will be occur Thursday, September 14th from 11:00 to 12:45.

We are waiting for you!

Exploring Nightlife and Urban Change in Bairro Alto, Lisbon

The journal ‘City & Community’ of the American Sociological Association has published this August a work written by some members of LXNIGHTS team: Jordi Nofre, Íñigo Sánchez Fuarros, João Carlos Martins and Patrícia Pereira from CICS.Nova (Universidade Nova de Lisboa), Daniel Malet Calvo from CIES-IUL (ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa) and Miguel Geraldes and Ana López Dìaz (IGOT – Universidade de Lisboa).The presented article summarizes several topics explored in our researches, such as touristification, studentification and gentrification, using a case study in the Bairro Alto, Lisbon

Exploring Nightlife and Urban Change in Bairro Alto, Lisbon

Here an excerpt of the ‘Introduction’:

Resultado de imagen de "city and community"Over the last three decades culture has played a central role in the urban renewal of many cities worldwide. The inner city has thus become a socially, politically controlled “theatre of consumption” (Ritzer 2010). Correspondingly, the urban night has emerged not only as a significant space–time of productive economic activity but also as a key strategy in the urban regeneration of downtowns (Chatterton and Hollands 2003; Farrer 2008, 2011; Hae 2011, 2012; Tadie and Permanadeli 2015; among others). In some Southern European cities the rise of new urban nightscapes in their historical neighborhoods (Crivello 2009; García-Perez 2014; Nofre 2013) is largely connected to urban, social, and economic impacts caused by the neoliberalization of the city (Brenner and Theodore 2005). This is the case of Bairro Alto in Lisbon (Portugal), where the university student and tourist nightlife in this historical neighborhood of the Portuguese capital may be seen as part of a broader public and private-led strategy of internationalization of the city as advertised on the website of the Lisbon Tourism Promotion Agency: “Lisbon’s nightlife is known as one of the longest and most vibrant in the whole of Europe and the world.” Indeed, over the past 10 years, the exponential growth of international tourists visiting Lisbon and the increasing attractiveness of the Portuguese capital for hosting national and international university students have caused some social, spatial, economic and cultural impacts in the inner city (Galhardo 2014; Malheiros et al., 2012; Mendes 2006, 2011, 2014; Nofre 2013; Rodrigues 2010). But how is student and tourism-related nightlife contributing to the urban change in Bairro Alto?

LXNIGHTS participation in “Tourism & The Night Symposium” 14-15 July, London

Two members of LXNIGHTS will participate in the “Tourism & The Night Symposium“, that will be held in London on July 14th and 14th.

Click here to download the programme

Tourism and the nightJoão Carlos Martins will present first scientific results of the community-based intervention project SAFE!N, with a presentation entitled “Social, Public Health and Urban Governance Impacts: On Safe!N Project Implementation”

Jordi Nofre will present first preliminary results on a new co-authored research on nightlife in Porto: “Tourism and Nightlife Gentrification in Porto: Partying in an UNESCO City”. Other authors include Paula Guerra and Célia Marisa Ferreira, from Porto, and Jorge Sequera and João Carlos Martins from Lisbon.

Understanding International Students and Urban Change

A new article about international students and urban change in Lisbon (Portugal) was published this June in Urban Studies by Daniel Malet Calvo, a member of LXNIGHTS:

Understanding international students beyond studentification: A new class of transnational urban consumers. The example of Erasmus students in Lisbon (Portugal)


Understanding international students beyond studentification: A new class of transnational urban consumers. The example of Erasmus students in Lisbon (Portugal)“The growing presence of international students in the city of Lisbon attracted my attention ten years ago, when I started my PhD on the occupation by different social groups of the most emblematic central square in Lisbon: Praça do Rossio. As a foreigner, I shared several apartments with international students, at a time when the city of Lisbon was not renowned as a tourist or student destination. I got to know a group of exchange students that had developed a particular alternative lifestyle in the patio where they lived. They organized several meals outside and installed improvised benches to spend time in the patio, as well as sharing a communitarian style of living with their Portuguese neighbours. Next year, when the students left, the next-door Hostel bought those apartments and converted them into suites for tourists. Replicating the students, they installed permanent benches and even imitated their new-age tastes in the decoration. In other words, the hostel reproduced the students’ creative ways, making products for tourists. When I started to study Erasmus students back in 2013, I borrowed the term ‘studentification’ to assess the significance and impact of those populations in Lisbon. However, as an anthropologist, it was unsettling for me to isolate the housing question from the wide variety of practices and relations that students established within Lisbon’s urban processes”.

Touristified Markets: The case of Madrid (and Lisbon)

Jorge Sequera (LXNIGHTS) has recently written an article in Seres Urbanos (El Pais) where he stress the social consequences of the privatization, touristification and ‘gourmetization’ of urban markets. These processes threaten the old functions of markets as places of closeness for the neighbors, where gather and coexist reproducing rooted and local  practices of solidarity.

You can read here the complete article

Resultado de imagen de mercado da ribeiraFor those researching in Lisbon the situation expounded by Jorge Sequera could be comparable with Mercado da Ribeira, where the powerful presence of the ‘Time Out Gourmet Market’ has created a situation of marginalization for several traditional activities in and around the market.

LXNIGHTS works on founding the “Observatório do Lazer Nocturno em Lisboa” by April 2017

Last months, the members of LXNIGHTS worked together on the establishment of a new framework to study, analyze and recommend new policies for managing nighttime leisure challenges in Lisbon. Here you can read, in Portuguese, the founding act of the “Observatório do Lazer Nocturno em Lisboa” (Lisbon’s Night Leisure Observatory):



Em Lisboa, os setores da restauração e do lazer noturno têm adquirido, ao longo das duas últimas décadas, uma crescente importância nos processos de regeneração urbana e revitalização socioeconómica nos bairros históricos do centro da cidade como resultado da crescente interação entre (1) a intensificação do processo de turistificação do centro da cidade, (2) a consolidação de Lisboa como destino europeu de estudantes estrangeiros de ensino superior, e (3) a rápida expansão e mercantilização da vida noturna nos bairros históricos do centro de Lisboa. Com efeito, a noite constitui hoje um dos principais produtos centrais no processo de “urban branding” de Lisboa, o qual encontra-se enquadrado na recente estratégia desenvolvida pela administração local de reforço do posicionamento de Lisboa no mercado turístico nacional e internacional. Todavia, a recente e rápida expansão e mercantilização da vida noturna de Lisboa têm produzido, entre outros desafios, uma deterioração das condições ambientais relativas à habitabilidade dos bairros históricos do centro da cidade onde as atividades de lazer noturno se encontram presentes (Bairro Alto, Cais do Sodré, e Santos), tal e como tem sido largamente relatado desde o âmbito da comunicação social. Face aos crescentes desafios na governança da noite na cidade de Lisboa, o LXNIGHTS tem decidido criar o Observatório do Lazer Noturno em Lisboa, o qual será plenamente operacional em Abril de 2017.

Com 10 investigadores, 6 consultores e sob a Direcção do Prof. Doutor Jordi Nofre (CICS.Nova/FCSH/UNL e Investigador Principal LXNIGHTS), o Observatório do Lazer Nocturno em Lisboa irá realizar ao longo do primeiro biénio 2017-2018 um conjunto de atividades de investigação e intervenção comunitária que será definido por 6 eixos temáticos de trabalho de recolha de informação, análise, monitorização, discussão e proposta de novas políticas públicas.

Figura 1. Eixos temáticos de investigação Vs. Áreas Científicas


Consumos e práticas de risco (álcool, drogas e sexo)

— Saúde Pública, Psicologia, Trabalho Social, Estudos de Juventude


Condições quotidianas do convívio entre os diferentes grupos sociais da noite (moradores, clientes, proprietários)

—   Sociologia & Antropologia Social


Problemas ambientais no espaço público em horário noturno (ruido, lixo, salubridade e mobilidade)

— Saúde pública, Ecologia Urbana, Geografia Urbana.


Condições laborais e formação profissional dos proprietários e trabalhadores formais e informais dos locais de lazer noturno

—   Sociologia & Antropologia Social


Violência e processos de segregação/exclusão social em espaços de lazer noturno (incluindo homofobia e patriarcalismo)

— Psicologia, Trabalho Social, Estudos de Juventude, Antropologia social.


Inter-relação e sinergias entre processos urbanos (nomeadamente turistificação, estudentificação, gentrificação) e lazer noturno

— Geografia Urbana, Sociologia Urbana,    Arquitetura e Urbanismo.

Fonte: J. Nofre.

Em suma, o Observatório do Lazer Nocturno em Lisboa na estratégia europeia sobre cidades smart, sustentáveis e inclusivas (EUROCITIES, 2014). Nesse sentido, as ações de investigação e intervenção comunitária que irão ser realizadas através do Observatório do Lazer Noturno em Lisboa têm uma visão estratégica tripartida sobre a economia da diversão noturna, a qual será considerada como:

(a) Elemento fundamental para a promoção de um consumo de lazer e um turismo urbano sustentável em termos sociais, espaciais, económicos e ambientais;

(b) Espaço-tempo, estratégia e mecanismo de promoção das indústrias criativas de Lisboa, nomeadamente no campo da música, “design”, e arte; e, ainda mais importante, como da divulgação do património material e imaterial;

(c) Estratégia e mecanismo para a promoção de uma diversão noturna inclusiva através da implementação de (c.1.) novos instrumentos de políticas públicas, estratégias, boas práticas e ações conjuntas institucionais e/ou comunitárias que visem um lazer noturno mais inclusive e igualitário; e (c.2.) novas ações (auto-) empoderamento dos diferentes atores do lazer noturno de Lisboa, visando conseguir uma melhor coesão social e habitabilidade nos bairros com forte presença de atividades de diversão noturna.

* * *

Para mais informações, não hesite em contactar com o Prof. Doutor Jordi Nofre: jnofre@fcsh.unl.pt. Ao longo dos meses de Fevereiro e Março, o blogue do LXNIGHTS comunicará de maneira continuada os avanços na formalização legal do Observatório e a sua inauguração oficial que terá lugar num espaço de diversão nocturna de Lisboa no fim do mês de Abril de 2017.

A new LXNIGHTS publication in Leisure Studies

An article on Lisbon’s “Erasmus Corner”, a space of sociability for the foreign students in the Bairro Alto, was just published online, in the renowned scholar journal “Leisure Studies” (Taylor and Francis).

The article, entitled The Erasmus Corner: place-making of a sanitised nightlife spot in the Bairro Alto (Lisbon, Portugal) was written by Daniel Malet Calvo, Jordi Nofre and Miguel Geraldes.


Click here to read the article

Abstract: Nightlife economic activity has emerged as a key strategy in the regeneration of historical quarters. The case of the Bairro Alto district (Lisbon) exhibits a more gradual and distinct development caused by the marginal and transgressive practices of nightlife visitors, who have resisted its gentrification for decades. Some areas in the Bairro Alto (specially the upper side) have maintained their dangerous character and marginalisation for several years, even after the 2008 urban reform programme. It is only recently, with the growing presence of Erasmus students in Bairro Alto, that the upper side has finally become safe and sanitised through leisure activities. In this article, the interplay of several social actors (foreign students, municipal authorities, night-time entrepreneurs and Erasmus organisers) explains the process of place-making regarding the new Erasmus Corner. The spatial colonisation of this spot has accelerated social cleansing of the upper side of the neighbourhood, concluding the district’s night-time pacification.


Young people and alcohol marketing

An study published by the journal Addiction at the beginning of this year claims that uncontrolled alcohol marketing is specially harmful for vulnerable populations of consumers, such as adolescents, children and young people. As industry self-regulatory programs are not effective, the action by governments to control alcohol marketing with statutory measures are needed to prevent alcohol problems and protect the public health.


Read HERE the article in the journal Addiction

Read HERE an article about this study in the Portuguese newspaper Público, where CICS.NOVA researcher Hilson Cunha Filho discuss the situation in Portugal.

New publication of LXNIGHTS on “Social and Cultural Geography”

Resultado de imagen de "social and cultural geography"An article on Lisbon’s urban nightlife was just published yesterday online, in the renowned scholar journal “Social and Cultural Geography” (Taylor and Francis), with an impact factor of 1.663 (2015).

The article, entitled “Club Carib: a geo-ethnography of seduction in a Lisbon dancing bar”, was written by Jordi Nofre, Daniel Malet Calvo, Adán Cassan and Sylwia D. Wodzinska.

Click here to read the article

Abstract: Over the last three decades, nightlife has become one of the most important time–spaces for the reproduction of human relationships. In this paper, we examine Club Carib, a particular nightlife space in Lisbon’s Bairro Alto neighbourhood. Our focus is on the flirting strategies that occur during dance sessions. We examine the ways in which these seduction strategies operate in relation to particular constructions of race, class, cultural capital and gender. Particular attention is paid to the ways in which young adult straight males use their bodies to negotiate the dance space. We describe how the dance space is an environment in which the (hetero)normative and patriarchal character of Lisbon’s nightlife is often reinscribed, but also at times contested.




LXNIGHTS contribution in the NewStatesman

The last 6 October LXNIGHTS has appeared in a digital article about Lisbon’s nightlife entitled: Lisbon is a city famed for its nightlife – and the residents hate it. We can read Jordi Nofre in CityMetric, the new digital expansion of the relevant political and cultural UK’s magazine “New Statesman”: “Today Lisbon is sold as the best nightlife scene in Europe. That phrase is essentially the slogan of the city tourist board”.

Read the complete text here

New Statesman


Safe in Cais – The 5th LXNIGHTS Meeting


The 5th LXNIGHTS Meeting -celebrated on December 18th– was a total success! The round table was formed by João Martins (LXNIGHTS) who presented the event and introduced the last developments in night-life risks worldwide, Cristiana Vale Pires 20151210IMG_3261(APDES) who presented the project on risk reduction in Cais do Sodré nights leaded by CHECK!N, Carla Madeira (Junta de Freguesia) who offered a more institutional view from the local government in the affected area, Gonçalo Riscado (Comercial Association of Cais do Sodré) who emphasized the actual difficulties in unite the different night-time businesses in one voice, and André Peixe (Lisbon’s Bartenders Association) who stand for the appraise of people working through the night, specially those selling alcohol in the bars.


The CHECK!N project (Safe in Cais – Noite Segura) -in which LXNIGHTS acts as the academic partner- make an effort to reduce the risks associated with party environment (alcohol, drugs, sexual behaviour) joining the different actors and institutions of a new night-time area in the city: Cais do Sodré.


This article in the Observador, describe this fruitful meeting offered by LXNIGHTS as a closing of its 2015 activities.


4th LXNIGHTS Meeting on Urban Tourism


Lisbon has been transformed into a tourist-led urban economy during the last 10 years, when a large amount of tourists, travellers and foreign students came massively to the city. Later, in the context of the financial post-crisis the social and economic urban structure of Lisbon was profoundly transformed to embrace the growing demand of international tourism.

Besides the central role of accommodation economic activities from hostels and hotels to AirBnb and Booking.com, the night-life leisure industry is one of the most important actors involved in this process of urban transformation.

The images of night-time consumption (circulating through internet and from mouth to mouth) are an asset for urban tourism industry, contributing to shape the imaginary postcard of a particular city. From Fado to kizomba, from Cante alentejano to Chorinho, from Brazilian popular music to Hard Rock, from Reggae to Electro/minimal, different musical styles are represented in Lisbon’s night-time venues offering all kind of experiences to the foreign visitors. Moreover, some entertainment companies are organizing Pub-Crawls and nocturne tracks all over Lisbon widening the borders of the foreign leisure throughout the city.

The fourth LXNIGHTS Meeting: “The urban tourist as a night-life consumer. Efects of touristification in Lisbon’s night leisure” will take place on October 29 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.


3rd LXNIGHTS Meeting


3os Encontros


The third edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS is coming, focused on June’s Festas de Lisboa. The eating of Sardines in the street, the contest of the Marchas, the selling of Manjericos and the dancing in the Arraiais transforms the days and, mainly the nights, in Lisbon. But, who are their main characters? What’s the meaning of these celebrations for lisbonians and visitors? How this annual event contribute for the transformation of the city?



In these 3rd Encontros LXNIGHTS we’ll go in depth about this June’s urban phenomenon meeting with some of the actors involved in its production, presenting an open dialogue to offer a widen perspective of the very night when the entire city is party.

santos festa


The third LXNIGHTS Meeting: “The night of Lisbon and the Popular Saints. June’s city celebrations” will take place on July15 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

Find here the FACEBOOK EVENT



Some photos from the Encontros LXNIGHTS

The first two sessions of Encontros LXNIGHTS were a success!

MAY, 27: Jordi Nofre and Íñigo Sánchez presented the project to an audience composed by scholars, nightime economy agents and city council representatives.

foto3 foto2

JUNE, 16: Our guests of the European Network partyplus, from the catalan organization Q de festa, devoted to make the night and the party safest, explained their project









foto1As usual, the best time to get to know new colleagues and to connect with partners is the afterward…

This summer we will offer the third edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS, that will be announced very soon

Follow Encontros LXNIGHTS on FACEBOOK

2nd LXNIGHTS Meeting

2_Encontro_LXnights-page001The second edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS is coming. This time our guests are partyplus, an European network devoted to make the night and the party safest. Q de festa, the catalan partners of the network will explain us in what consist this initiative.

The second LXNIGHTS Meeting: “Party +. The European Network for Safier Party Labels. An European project for risk reduction in nightlife leisure” will take place on June 16 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

Find here the FACEBOOK EVENT