4th LXNIGHTS Meeting on Urban Tourism


Lisbon has been transformed into a tourist-led urban economy during the last 10 years, when a large amount of tourists, travellers and foreign students came massively to the city. Later, in the context of the financial post-crisis the social and economic urban structure of Lisbon was profoundly transformed to embrace the growing demand of international tourism.

Besides the central role of accommodation economic activities from hostels and hotels to AirBnb and Booking.com, the night-life leisure industry is one of the most important actors involved in this process of urban transformation.

The images of night-time consumption (circulating through internet and from mouth to mouth) are an asset for urban tourism industry, contributing to shape the imaginary postcard of a particular city. From Fado to kizomba, from Cante alentejano to Chorinho, from Brazilian popular music to Hard Rock, from Reggae to Electro/minimal, different musical styles are represented in Lisbon’s night-time venues offering all kind of experiences to the foreign visitors. Moreover, some entertainment companies are organizing Pub-Crawls and nocturne tracks all over Lisbon widening the borders of the foreign leisure throughout the city.

The fourth LXNIGHTS Meeting: “The urban tourist as a night-life consumer. Efects of touristification in Lisbon’s night leisure” will take place on October 29 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.


3rd LXNIGHTS Meeting


3os Encontros


The third edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS is coming, focused on June’s Festas de Lisboa. The eating of Sardines in the street, the contest of the Marchas, the selling of Manjericos and the dancing in the Arraiais transforms the days and, mainly the nights, in Lisbon. But, who are their main characters? What’s the meaning of these celebrations for lisbonians and visitors? How this annual event contribute for the transformation of the city?



In these 3rd Encontros LXNIGHTS we’ll go in depth about this June’s urban phenomenon meeting with some of the actors involved in its production, presenting an open dialogue to offer a widen perspective of the very night when the entire city is party.

santos festa


The third LXNIGHTS Meeting: “The night of Lisbon and the Popular Saints. June’s city celebrations” will take place on July15 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

Find here the FACEBOOK EVENT



Some photos from the Encontros LXNIGHTS

The first two sessions of Encontros LXNIGHTS were a success!

MAY, 27: Jordi Nofre and Íñigo Sánchez presented the project to an audience composed by scholars, nightime economy agents and city council representatives.

foto3 foto2

JUNE, 16: Our guests of the European Network partyplus, from the catalan organization Q de festa, devoted to make the night and the party safest, explained their project









foto1As usual, the best time to get to know new colleagues and to connect with partners is the afterward…

This summer we will offer the third edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS, that will be announced very soon

Follow Encontros LXNIGHTS on FACEBOOK

2nd LXNIGHTS Meeting

2_Encontro_LXnights-page001The second edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS is coming. This time our guests are partyplus, an European network devoted to make the night and the party safest. Q de festa, the catalan partners of the network will explain us in what consist this initiative.

The second LXNIGHTS Meeting: “Party +. The European Network for Safier Party Labels. An European project for risk reduction in nightlife leisure” will take place on June 16 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

Find here the FACEBOOK EVENT


Regulating Nightlife. The case of Tours (France)

After our first Meeting “Encontros LXNIGHTS” the past May 27 is now time to pay attention to other similar initiatives devoted to bring together the different actors involved in the production of urban nightscapes. Joséphine Kalache analyse the recent proliferation of the “conseils de la nuit” (night councils) that are selectively regulating nightlife activities all over the French municipalities.

The author, taking the case study of Tours (France) warns on the dangers of “reducing culture to the Event” and suggest that the eviction of amateur musicians and heterogeneous public from the city nightscapes could be favouring the commercialization of nightime.

The text -in French- is entitled “Vers une politique municipale de la nuit: le ‘consensus nocturne’ arrive à Tours” (Towards a municipal nightlife policy: the ‘nightime consensus’ is coming to Tours) and could be a valuable forethought for the next “Encontros LXNIGHTS” that will be announced soon…


Encontros / Meetings LXNIGHTS

After the first LXNIGHTS Fieldtrips, we are also launching this month one of our main initiatives: The LXNIGHTS Meetings (Encontros LXNIGHTS). They are conceived as  a space of interactive and reciprocal interchange between scholars, city government representatives, cultural entrepreneurs, and a variety of stakeholders related to the promotion, making and management of the urban night, including the citizenship. The aim of the Encontros  is to share experiences and knowledge, to discuss and propose new policies on nightlife in Lisbon, and to support the creation of new management tools for the City Council policymakers.

The first LXNIGHTS Meeting: “Lazer nocturno, gentrificação, estudantificação e turistificação nos bairros históricos de Lisboa” will take place on May 27 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.


EnCalendari en jpgcontros LXNIGHTS procura oferecer momentos de debate e mediação entre todos os atores envolvidos na noite de Lisboa avaliando, entre outros, alguns dos diferentes conflitos surgidos neste campo ao longo destes últimos anos. Com uma periodicidade mensal, os Encontros LXNIGHTS pretendem ser um espaço de intercâmbio interactivo e recíproco entre académicos, representantes autárquicos, empreendedores culturais, diversos agentes relacionados com a promoção, a execução e a gestão da vida nocturna, e cidadãos, permitindo a partilha de experiências e conhecimento. Os participantes irão discutir e propor novas políticas sobre a vida nocturna em Lisboa para patrocinar a criação de novas ferramentas de gestão para os agentes políticos da cidade. O 1er Encontro LXNIGHTS dará a conhecer o projecto e a pesquisa realizada pela equipa sobre lazer nocturno, gentrificação, estudentificação e turistificação em Lisboa; conhecer actores da noite e os seus posicionamentos sobre a inter-relação entre gentrificação, turistificação, estudentificação e lazer nocturno em Lisboa para contextualizar melhor os debates temáticos que terão lugar ao longo dos próximos meses.

Os debates são de acesso livre e gratuito



Prof. Dr. Jordi Nofre
LXNIGHTS – Investigador Principal
Centro Interdisciplinar de Ciências Sociais-CICSNOVA
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas
Universidade Nova de Lisboa


Prof. Dr. Íñigo Sánchez Fuarros
Encontros LXNIGHTS – Coordenador
Instituto de Etnomusicologia – Centro de Estudos em Música e Dança
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas
Universidade Nova de Lisboa



Some photos of our First LXNIGHTS Fieldtrip

foto4We started our fieldtrip in one of the famous unregulated Chinese restaurants that populate Mouraria, sharing space with many Portuguese and international students attracted by the cheap prices. After crossing Rua Benformoso (called “diversity passage” by the Municipal Government) we arrived to Intendente. There, Íñigo Sánchez offered us a wide explanation of Mouraria and Intendente’s transformations, related with a state-led gentrification policy by the Municipal Government.

Isabel Soares expounded politicians foto3prospective about the neighborhood and the strategies taken to favor the aperture of this central area to the tourists and Portuguese middle-classes.

After that, we went to Bairro Alto where Jordi Nofre explained to the group the role of the district as a party area both for young middle-class Portuguese and worldwide tourists. In the “Erasmus Corner” Daniel Malet described the foto2growing role of exchange students in the transformation of Bairro Alto and other parts of the city. Finally, in Cais do Sodré, Jordi Nofre explain thoroughly the concept of “vintage” applied to the aesthetic transformations of Lisbon’s nightlife.


On May 12, 2015, fieldtrip participants are kindly invited to join an open debate on trends and challenges of Lisbon’s nightlife:




First LXNIGHTS fieldtrip

fieldtripMAY7_1It’s already confirmed!!! Next May 7, 2015. LXNIGHTS, in partnership with Sociology’s Alumni Association (NASNOVA), are very pleased to organize the first Fieldtrip on Lisbon’s Nightlife: from Martim Moniz-Intendente, along Bairro Alto and Bica and finishing in Cais do Sodré.

The aim of this sociological fieldtrip through Lisbon’s nightlife is discussing in loco several notions about our research topic: from the “night of Erasmus” to the Bairro Alto’s “touristification”, the politics of gentrification in historical neighbourhoods, socio-spatial segregation and public order.

Please, feel free to join us at the Facebook Event


On May 12, 2015, fieldtrip participants are kindly invited to join an open debate on trends and challenges of Lisbon’s nightlife.

Both events will be attended by the entire LXNIGHTS team:
Iñigo Sánchez Fuarros (INET-md, FCSH/UNL)
João Carlos Martins (CICSNOVA, FCSH/UNL
Patrícia Pereira (CICSNOVA-md, FCSH/UNL)
Daniel Malet (CIES-ISCTE/IUL)


For further informations please contact with Jordi Nofre (jnofre@fcsh.unl.pt)


Gentrification as a Night Crime

Mouraria is one of our case-study districts, a working-class and deprived area where the state-led promotion of art and culture is changing its landscape every day…and every night. As David Ley has stressed in “Artists, Aestheticisation and the Field of Gentrification”, urban commodification and capital reinvestment in some particular areas are often accompanied by the “artistization” of the district.

In the following chronicle about Mouraria’s night by the Spanish public television is possible to identify all the elements: the bohemian taste for “danger” and “authenticity”, the well-meaning and naive artists with their “political” and “rooted” projects, and the local inhabitants looking distrustful to these developments which are largely unconnected with their real lives. This perfectly mixed night-time cocktail is causing the desired outcome: the attraction of visitors, the rise of rental prices, the eviction of local inhabitants. Therefore, Mouraria becomes the perfect example of how gentrification could act as a tasteful and delicate “night crime”.

Seminar on Ethnographic Observation

Next 15th April (Wednesday) a member of LXNIGHTS will offer a seminar at the University of Évora. The seminar entitled  “The place of ethnographic observation in qualitative research” will be presented by Daniel Malet Calvo to the sociology students of “Laboratory of Qualitative Analysis”, a subject taught by Rosalina Maria Pisco Costa. The presentation aims to contextualize the ethnographic inquiry as a methodological innovation belonging to anthropological tradition. In this sense the “participant observation” and other fieldwork innovations used for the first time by anthropologists in analyzing diverse social settings, are today broadly considered as the empirical foundations of qualitative research.


The seminar will provide a methodological starting point to the collective project “Through doors and side streets: Getting older in Évora’s Historical Center” in which the students will interview and observe the everyday life of old people in the public spaces of this medium size Portuguese city. After learning the theoretical and epistemological foundations of fieldwork, the students will get into Evora’s provincial urban environment to gather data in significant public places. The aim is to characterize old people’s socio-demographic profiles and describe their everyday lives in these urban spaces.

The object of this seminar, older people daily practices in a provincial city, seems to be far from Lisbon’s young-oriented nightlife leisure. However, in both urban environments the methods of ethnography are equally pervasive and relevant in understanding the social actors and their relation to the city. Social data is meaningful only when unveiled through ethnographic fieldwork.

Vintage Nightlife in Lisbon

One of the most important trends in Lisbon’s nightlife -following the international tendencies- is the aesthetic embracing of the “vintage” style in a growing number of nightspots and venues. Maybe the leading figure inspiring this nightscape transformation -and certainly the most well-known example of this trend- is the Pensão Amor, a former brothel turned into a crowded night bar on the way from the Bairro Alto to Cais do Sodré (the two most important nightlife areas in the city center).


However, the simulated bohemian and burlesque atmosphere, the prostitution-based iconography and the aseptic sexuality that emerge from the objects exposed in every corner of the place, obscure the role of “vintage” style in the gentrification of Lisbon’s nightscapes.

Jordi Nofre’s contribution in “Fennia. International Journal of Geography” shows how this new socially sanitized bohemian nightlife (mainly oriented towards the local new middle classes and their international peers such as tourists and Erasmus students) is actually displacing old forms of working-class leisure and decadent nightlife.

Here you can find Nofre’s article: “Vintage Nightlife”: Gentrifying Lisbon downtown“, an excellent case study providing relevant guidelines for our research in Lisbon.

New article on Erasmus in Lisbon

While waiting for the posting of the next episode of Erasmus lives in Lisbon (very soon!), a new article in portuguese has been published in the brazilian journal “Antropolítica: Revista Contemporânia de Antropologia”. This is the abstract:

The ERASMUS Programme to study abroad is well known throughout Europe, involving about 250,000 exchange students traveling annually through 33 countries. The principles of cultural exchange, education in diversity and transnational mobility make it the banner program for the ideals of the European Union and has a high degree of popularity and consideration among politicians and common people. Moreover, the experiences of personal discovery, emancipation and openness to the cosmopolitanism of those students when they are abroad, constitute an essential “rite of passage” of a particular social group of youth characterized for embodying “Mobiliy Capital”. The “Erasmus”, considered always as a mixture between “student migration” and “youth tourism” are wondered or shocked when they first arrive to a country different than theirs. They adapt or reject their initial contexts and contacts, seeking for a new lives, to finally “discover themselves” in new places (and through new selves). Their Erasmus period is characterized by the transition processes of their lives towards new subjectivities, that are always defined by the strategies of distinction and differentiation of themselves in opposition to other young people in the new context. In this article we will present the life pathways and patterns of adaptation of six foreign students in Lisbon according to their narratives of youth mobility and urban adjustment.

Here you can find the full text article: “Becoming other person”: narratives of subjective transformation and processes of distinction among the young Erasmus students in Lisbon

Gentrification and culture

This opinion article in The Guardian poses a timely question for those studying gentrification processes: Do these processes or urban transformation “create” culture or they  are just supplanting existing ones?  As more traditional shops are being replaced by international retail outlets in the centre of Lisbon, as traditional forms of nightlife are being supplanted by what we would call “socially sanitized urban nightscapes”, we need to get a better understanding the impact of gentrifying processes on the cultural fabric of the city.

Port city lives: debating conceptual and methodological tools to grasp contemporary urban change

In November, I presented the first paper based on my post-doc research, tightly linked to the Lxnights collective research project. Since I’m still at the very beginning of my work, I chose to present my initial ideas and ask for comments, suggestions and critiques.  The feed back was great! Thanks to all the colleagues that were at the session.

So, to continue collecting useful comments, I decided to post the abstract I sent to the ESA RN 37 Midterm Conference in Lisbon. Please feel free to ask questions and send suggestions.

Port city lives: debating conceptual and methodological tools to grasp contemporary urban change

Based on a research project taking its first steps, this presentation has two main objectives: reflecting on how the concept of gentrification can be useful to understand contemporary urban change in the Cais do Sodré area in Lisbon and generating a debate around action-research strategies to reconstitute shared memories of the urban landscape in gentrified areas.

Located on the waterfront, near the port, its offices, warehouses, bars and cheap hotels made Cais do Sodré an area of transition and transit and a nightlife zone characterized by prostitution. Following a period of decline, the nightlife was recently transformed: several venues recuperated the ‘cabaret’ theme and attract younger and wealthier patrons. Many buildings were rehabilitated for residential and tourism purposes and several sections of the waterfront were or will be regenerated. Cais do Sodré also remains an interface linking the subway and bus lines with the train to Cascais and the ferryboat to Cacilhas.

The areas surrounding Cais do Sodré have different occupation patterns and social destinations. Distinctive urban sedimentation layers can be uncovered and varied dynamics of regeneration – associated to residential issues but also to tourism, leisure and cultural activities – are occurring at different paces. The effects of deindustrialization, consequent social recomposition and landscape transformation are discernible in the area. The consequences of the current economic crisis and of rent-law alterations that potentiate the displacement of low-income residents and business owners are also becoming visible.

Unequal lives in urban spaces: call for papers of the ESA RN 37

The deadline of the call for papers of the Research Network 37 (Urban Sociology) for the 12th European Sociological Association Conference has been postponed to the 15th of February.

The theme is Unequal lives in urban spaces.

The conference will be held in Prague in August 2015.

Here is the link to the call for papers: http://www.esa12thconference.eu/rn37-urban-sociology