About Daniel Malet Calvo

I have a PhD in Urban Anthropology (2011) from University of Barcelona where I also have graduated with a BA in Social and Cultural Anthropology (2005), and a BA in History (2011). My thesis work puts forward a historical and ethnographic research focused on the most emblematic space in Lisbon's downtown: Praça do Rossio. I have been trained through many investigation projects, research grants and ethnographic works on Lisbon and Barcelona during my thesis, mainly focused on anthropology of urban space, city policies, collective action and olisipography. I'm also did research on Santiago island (Cape Verde archipelago), where I acquired experience on mobility conceptions, risk practices and urban renewal projects. Currently, as a post-doctoral researcher in the CIES-IUL (Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa) I'm investigating ERASMUS students as a short-term migration actors involved on heritagization processes, space production and transnational dynamics. Besides this, I'm an active member of the Grup de Recerca sobre Exclusió i Control Socials (GRECS) in the Anthropology Department of the Universitat de Barcelona, and of the Institut Català d'Antropologia (ICA)

A new LXNIGHTS publication in Leisure Studies

An article on Lisbon’s “Erasmus Corner”, a space of sociability for the foreign students in the Bairro Alto, was just published online, in the renowned scholar journal “Leisure Studies” (Taylor and Francis).

The article, entitled The Erasmus Corner: place-making of a sanitised nightlife spot in the Bairro Alto (Lisbon, Portugal) was written by Daniel Malet Calvo, Jordi Nofre and Miguel Geraldes.

 

Click here to read the article

Abstract: Nightlife economic activity has emerged as a key strategy in the regeneration of historical quarters. The case of the Bairro Alto district (Lisbon) exhibits a more gradual and distinct development caused by the marginal and transgressive practices of nightlife visitors, who have resisted its gentrification for decades. Some areas in the Bairro Alto (specially the upper side) have maintained their dangerous character and marginalisation for several years, even after the 2008 urban reform programme. It is only recently, with the growing presence of Erasmus students in Bairro Alto, that the upper side has finally become safe and sanitised through leisure activities. In this article, the interplay of several social actors (foreign students, municipal authorities, night-time entrepreneurs and Erasmus organisers) explains the process of place-making regarding the new Erasmus Corner. The spatial colonisation of this spot has accelerated social cleansing of the upper side of the neighbourhood, concluding the district’s night-time pacification.

 

Young people and alcohol marketing

An study published by the journal Addiction at the beginning of this year claims that uncontrolled alcohol marketing is specially harmful for vulnerable populations of consumers, such as adolescents, children and young people. As industry self-regulatory programs are not effective, the action by governments to control alcohol marketing with statutory measures are needed to prevent alcohol problems and protect the public health.

 

Read HERE the article in the journal Addiction

Read HERE an article about this study in the Portuguese newspaper Público, where CICS.NOVA researcher Hilson Cunha Filho discuss the situation in Portugal.

New publication of LXNIGHTS on “Social and Cultural Geography”

Resultado de imagen de "social and cultural geography"An article on Lisbon’s urban nightlife was just published yesterday online, in the renowned scholar journal “Social and Cultural Geography” (Taylor and Francis), with an impact factor of 1.663 (2015).

The article, entitled “Club Carib: a geo-ethnography of seduction in a Lisbon dancing bar”, was written by Jordi Nofre, Daniel Malet Calvo, Adán Cassan and Sylwia D. Wodzinska.

Click here to read the article

Abstract: Over the last three decades, nightlife has become one of the most important time–spaces for the reproduction of human relationships. In this paper, we examine Club Carib, a particular nightlife space in Lisbon’s Bairro Alto neighbourhood. Our focus is on the flirting strategies that occur during dance sessions. We examine the ways in which these seduction strategies operate in relation to particular constructions of race, class, cultural capital and gender. Particular attention is paid to the ways in which young adult straight males use their bodies to negotiate the dance space. We describe how the dance space is an environment in which the (hetero)normative and patriarchal character of Lisbon’s nightlife is often reinscribed, but also at times contested.

 

 

 

LXNIGHTS contribution in the NewStatesman

The last 6 October LXNIGHTS has appeared in a digital article about Lisbon’s nightlife entitled: Lisbon is a city famed for its nightlife – and the residents hate it. We can read Jordi Nofre in CityMetric, the new digital expansion of the relevant political and cultural UK’s magazine “New Statesman”: “Today Lisbon is sold as the best nightlife scene in Europe. That phrase is essentially the slogan of the city tourist board”.

Read the complete text here

New Statesman

 

Safe in Cais – The 5th LXNIGHTS Meeting

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The 5th LXNIGHTS Meeting -celebrated on December 18th– was a total success! The round table was formed by João Martins (LXNIGHTS) who presented the event and introduced the last developments in night-life risks worldwide, Cristiana Vale Pires 20151210IMG_3261(APDES) who presented the project on risk reduction in Cais do Sodré nights leaded by CHECK!N, Carla Madeira (Junta de Freguesia) who offered a more institutional view from the local government in the affected area, Gonçalo Riscado (Comercial Association of Cais do Sodré) who emphasized the actual difficulties in unite the different night-time businesses in one voice, and André Peixe (Lisbon’s Bartenders Association) who stand for the appraise of people working through the night, specially those selling alcohol in the bars.

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The CHECK!N project (Safe in Cais – Noite Segura) -in which LXNIGHTS acts as the academic partner- make an effort to reduce the risks associated with party environment (alcohol, drugs, sexual behaviour) joining the different actors and institutions of a new night-time area in the city: Cais do Sodré.

 

This article in the Observador, describe this fruitful meeting offered by LXNIGHTS as a closing of its 2015 activities.

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4th LXNIGHTS Meeting on Urban Tourism

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Lisbon has been transformed into a tourist-led urban economy during the last 10 years, when a large amount of tourists, travellers and foreign students came massively to the city. Later, in the context of the financial post-crisis the social and economic urban structure of Lisbon was profoundly transformed to embrace the growing demand of international tourism.

Besides the central role of accommodation economic activities from hostels and hotels to AirBnb and Booking.com, the night-life leisure industry is one of the most important actors involved in this process of urban transformation.

The images of night-time consumption (circulating through internet and from mouth to mouth) are an asset for urban tourism industry, contributing to shape the imaginary postcard of a particular city. From Fado to kizomba, from Cante alentejano to Chorinho, from Brazilian popular music to Hard Rock, from Reggae to Electro/minimal, different musical styles are represented in Lisbon’s night-time venues offering all kind of experiences to the foreign visitors. Moreover, some entertainment companies are organizing Pub-Crawls and nocturne tracks all over Lisbon widening the borders of the foreign leisure throughout the city.

The fourth LXNIGHTS Meeting: “The urban tourist as a night-life consumer. Efects of touristification in Lisbon’s night leisure” will take place on October 29 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

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3rd LXNIGHTS Meeting

 

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The third edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS is coming, focused on June’s Festas de Lisboa. The eating of Sardines in the street, the contest of the Marchas, the selling of Manjericos and the dancing in the Arraiais transforms the days and, mainly the nights, in Lisbon. But, who are their main characters? What’s the meaning of these celebrations for lisbonians and visitors? How this annual event contribute for the transformation of the city?

 

 

In these 3rd Encontros LXNIGHTS we’ll go in depth about this June’s urban phenomenon meeting with some of the actors involved in its production, presenting an open dialogue to offer a widen perspective of the very night when the entire city is party.

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The third LXNIGHTS Meeting: “The night of Lisbon and the Popular Saints. June’s city celebrations” will take place on July15 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

Find here the FACEBOOK EVENT

 

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Some photos from the Encontros LXNIGHTS

The first two sessions of Encontros LXNIGHTS were a success!

MAY, 27: Jordi Nofre and Íñigo Sánchez presented the project to an audience composed by scholars, nightime economy agents and city council representatives.

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JUNE, 16: Our guests of the European Network partyplus, from the catalan organization Q de festa, devoted to make the night and the party safest, explained their project

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foto1As usual, the best time to get to know new colleagues and to connect with partners is the afterward…

This summer we will offer the third edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS, that will be announced very soon

Follow Encontros LXNIGHTS on FACEBOOK

2nd LXNIGHTS Meeting

2_Encontro_LXnights-page001The second edition of Encontros LXNIGHTS is coming. This time our guests are partyplus, an European network devoted to make the night and the party safest. Q de festa, the catalan partners of the network will explain us in what consist this initiative.

The second LXNIGHTS Meeting: “Party +. The European Network for Safier Party Labels. An European project for risk reduction in nightlife leisure” will take place on June 16 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

Find here the FACEBOOK EVENT

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Regulating Nightlife. The case of Tours (France)

After our first Meeting “Encontros LXNIGHTS” the past May 27 is now time to pay attention to other similar initiatives devoted to bring together the different actors involved in the production of urban nightscapes. Joséphine Kalache analyse the recent proliferation of the “conseils de la nuit” (night councils) that are selectively regulating nightlife activities all over the French municipalities.

The author, taking the case study of Tours (France) warns on the dangers of “reducing culture to the Event” and suggest that the eviction of amateur musicians and heterogeneous public from the city nightscapes could be favouring the commercialization of nightime.

The text -in French- is entitled “Vers une politique municipale de la nuit: le ‘consensus nocturne’ arrive à Tours” (Towards a municipal nightlife policy: the ‘nightime consensus’ is coming to Tours) and could be a valuable forethought for the next “Encontros LXNIGHTS” that will be announced soon…

http://blog.zoomon.fr/commerce-ouvert-nuit-tours/

Encontros / Meetings LXNIGHTS

After the first LXNIGHTS Fieldtrips, we are also launching this month one of our main initiatives: The LXNIGHTS Meetings (Encontros LXNIGHTS). They are conceived as  a space of interactive and reciprocal interchange between scholars, city government representatives, cultural entrepreneurs, and a variety of stakeholders related to the promotion, making and management of the urban night, including the citizenship. The aim of the Encontros  is to share experiences and knowledge, to discuss and propose new policies on nightlife in Lisbon, and to support the creation of new management tools for the City Council policymakers.

The first LXNIGHTS Meeting: “Lazer nocturno, gentrificação, estudantificação e turistificação nos bairros históricos de Lisboa” will take place on May 27 at Centro de Informação Urbana de Lisboa (CIUL), located  in Picoas Plaza (Rua Viriato, 13) at 18:00h. The debates are free and open to the general public.

PORTUGUESE PRESENTATION:

EnCalendari en jpgcontros LXNIGHTS procura oferecer momentos de debate e mediação entre todos os atores envolvidos na noite de Lisboa avaliando, entre outros, alguns dos diferentes conflitos surgidos neste campo ao longo destes últimos anos. Com uma periodicidade mensal, os Encontros LXNIGHTS pretendem ser um espaço de intercâmbio interactivo e recíproco entre académicos, representantes autárquicos, empreendedores culturais, diversos agentes relacionados com a promoção, a execução e a gestão da vida nocturna, e cidadãos, permitindo a partilha de experiências e conhecimento. Os participantes irão discutir e propor novas políticas sobre a vida nocturna em Lisboa para patrocinar a criação de novas ferramentas de gestão para os agentes políticos da cidade. O 1er Encontro LXNIGHTS dará a conhecer o projecto e a pesquisa realizada pela equipa sobre lazer nocturno, gentrificação, estudentificação e turistificação em Lisboa; conhecer actores da noite e os seus posicionamentos sobre a inter-relação entre gentrificação, turistificação, estudentificação e lazer nocturno em Lisboa para contextualizar melhor os debates temáticos que terão lugar ao longo dos próximos meses.

Os debates são de acesso livre e gratuito

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Prof. Dr. Jordi Nofre
LXNIGHTS – Investigador Principal
Centro Interdisciplinar de Ciências Sociais-CICSNOVA
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas
Universidade Nova de Lisboa

&

Prof. Dr. Íñigo Sánchez Fuarros
Encontros LXNIGHTS – Coordenador
Instituto de Etnomusicologia – Centro de Estudos em Música e Dança
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas
Universidade Nova de Lisboa

 

 

Some photos of our First LXNIGHTS Fieldtrip

foto4We started our fieldtrip in one of the famous unregulated Chinese restaurants that populate Mouraria, sharing space with many Portuguese and international students attracted by the cheap prices. After crossing Rua Benformoso (called “diversity passage” by the Municipal Government) we arrived to Intendente. There, Íñigo Sánchez offered us a wide explanation of Mouraria and Intendente’s transformations, related with a state-led gentrification policy by the Municipal Government.

Isabel Soares expounded politicians foto3prospective about the neighborhood and the strategies taken to favor the aperture of this central area to the tourists and Portuguese middle-classes.

After that, we went to Bairro Alto where Jordi Nofre explained to the group the role of the district as a party area both for young middle-class Portuguese and worldwide tourists. In the “Erasmus Corner” Daniel Malet described the foto2growing role of exchange students in the transformation of Bairro Alto and other parts of the city. Finally, in Cais do Sodré, Jordi Nofre explain thoroughly the concept of “vintage” applied to the aesthetic transformations of Lisbon’s nightlife.

 

On May 12, 2015, fieldtrip participants are kindly invited to join an open debate on trends and challenges of Lisbon’s nightlife:

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Gentrification as a Night Crime

Mouraria is one of our case-study districts, a working-class and deprived area where the state-led promotion of art and culture is changing its landscape every day…and every night. As David Ley has stressed in “Artists, Aestheticisation and the Field of Gentrification”, urban commodification and capital reinvestment in some particular areas are often accompanied by the “artistization” of the district.

In the following chronicle about Mouraria’s night by the Spanish public television is possible to identify all the elements: the bohemian taste for “danger” and “authenticity”, the well-meaning and naive artists with their “political” and “rooted” projects, and the local inhabitants looking distrustful to these developments which are largely unconnected with their real lives. This perfectly mixed night-time cocktail is causing the desired outcome: the attraction of visitors, the rise of rental prices, the eviction of local inhabitants. Therefore, Mouraria becomes the perfect example of how gentrification could act as a tasteful and delicate “night crime”.

Seminar on Ethnographic Observation

Next 15th April (Wednesday) a member of LXNIGHTS will offer a seminar at the University of Évora. The seminar entitled  “The place of ethnographic observation in qualitative research” will be presented by Daniel Malet Calvo to the sociology students of “Laboratory of Qualitative Analysis”, a subject taught by Rosalina Maria Pisco Costa. The presentation aims to contextualize the ethnographic inquiry as a methodological innovation belonging to anthropological tradition. In this sense the “participant observation” and other fieldwork innovations used for the first time by anthropologists in analyzing diverse social settings, are today broadly considered as the empirical foundations of qualitative research.

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The seminar will provide a methodological starting point to the collective project “Through doors and side streets: Getting older in Évora’s Historical Center” in which the students will interview and observe the everyday life of old people in the public spaces of this medium size Portuguese city. After learning the theoretical and epistemological foundations of fieldwork, the students will get into Evora’s provincial urban environment to gather data in significant public places. The aim is to characterize old people’s socio-demographic profiles and describe their everyday lives in these urban spaces.

The object of this seminar, older people daily practices in a provincial city, seems to be far from Lisbon’s young-oriented nightlife leisure. However, in both urban environments the methods of ethnography are equally pervasive and relevant in understanding the social actors and their relation to the city. Social data is meaningful only when unveiled through ethnographic fieldwork.

Vintage Nightlife in Lisbon

One of the most important trends in Lisbon’s nightlife -following the international tendencies- is the aesthetic embracing of the “vintage” style in a growing number of nightspots and venues. Maybe the leading figure inspiring this nightscape transformation -and certainly the most well-known example of this trend- is the Pensão Amor, a former brothel turned into a crowded night bar on the way from the Bairro Alto to Cais do Sodré (the two most important nightlife areas in the city center).

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However, the simulated bohemian and burlesque atmosphere, the prostitution-based iconography and the aseptic sexuality that emerge from the objects exposed in every corner of the place, obscure the role of “vintage” style in the gentrification of Lisbon’s nightscapes.

Jordi Nofre’s contribution in “Fennia. International Journal of Geography” shows how this new socially sanitized bohemian nightlife (mainly oriented towards the local new middle classes and their international peers such as tourists and Erasmus students) is actually displacing old forms of working-class leisure and decadent nightlife.

Here you can find Nofre’s article: “Vintage Nightlife”: Gentrifying Lisbon downtown“, an excellent case study providing relevant guidelines for our research in Lisbon.